Hemp, Silk, and Cotton Gauze
Fiber Content: 42% Hemp, 37% Silk, 21% Cotton
How long it takes to biodegrade: 6-8 months
Its natural properties: This blend has the best qualities from the fibers it's comprised of. It has the strength and durability of hemp (which is 2-3 times stronger than cotton), breathability, and high abrasion resistance, the lightweight drape of silk, and the softness and ease of cotton. Woven with the natural texture of the hemp visible, this fabric has a natural, organic look and feel. Resists wrinkling and softens with wear. Wicks away moisture exceptionally well. It biodegrades quickly and cleanly (synthetics take between 300-600 years to breakdown, and release chemicals into the soil as they do so).
Where it’s made: Canada
How it’s made: This is a hemp, silk and organic cotton blend. Read about the manufacturing of silk fiber here and cotton fiber here. Hemp is turned from raw material into fabric much like flax is turned into linen. Like flax, hemp is an annual plant. It goes from seed to harvest in about three months. The stalks are harvested and left in the field to rett by natural exposure to moisture and bacteria. The fibers of the hemp plant are bast fibers located in the phloem of the stalk. They are long strands of cellulose that run from the root system to the top of the plant, surrounding the woody core keeping the pant upright but flexible. The retting process allows the stalks to break down so the long fibers can be separated out for processing. While in the field, most of the nutrients the plant extracted from the soil during growth are returned to the earth as the leaves and stalk decompose. The stalks are gathered and baled, and left to dry before processing. A series of machine rollers or hammermills break down any of the remaning brittle, woody core which is then cleaned and carded out. The bast fibers are split and separated and prepared to be turned into yarn. The fiber is treated to remove natural binders that make strands stick together. Hemp plants can grow anywhere from 4 to 15 feet, producing very long finished fibers. Those filaments are spun together by hand or machine into yarn. Hemp, like flax, is typically spun into thin/fine yarn, which can then be plied together for a heavier weight product. The finished yarn is scoured, or boiled, for several hours with soap to clean and finish the fiber. Hemp does not have any natural elasticity (despite its strong flexibility) so it is almost always woven rather than knitted. The finished yarn is sent off to be woven into fabric on machine looms. Hemp requires relatively minimal processing and very little water or land to grow, and many of the steps are done by hand or simple machinery. Going from plant to finished fabric requires little chemical or machine altering of the natural material, and all of the byproducts of the manufacturing process are 100% recyclable or biodegradable. This fabric is blended in the spinning stage with cotton and silk fibers, adding softness and lightness to the finished fabric.
What it is: Lightweight, thin - but strong - hemp/silk/cotton blend. Floats and drapes like air, but has beautiful body and volume. Semi-sheer with a dynamic horizontal slub and bubbly, organic texture. An extremely comfortable and easy to wear fabric.
How to wear it: This gauze is a lightweight fabric most suitable for spring, summer, and fall. Can be layered during colder months, but will be best enjoyed during the warm season.
Care Instructions: Hand or machine wash on gentle cycle with cold water. Tumble dry low. Leave unpressed for a beautifully rumpled look, or press on medium heat with steam to remove wrinkles, straighten neckline, sleeves and hem. Will press to a crisp, smooth finish. All of our garments are pre-laundered here before we ship them out. We test and account for shrinkage in the pattern itself, so after washing the garment shrinks to its correct size. Once you receive it, washing is totally safe! This is a natural fiber, so wash and wear will likely cause slight changes like subtle fading and softening over time, but this only makes the garments better in our eyes. Washing in cold water and washing only when necessary will minimize this.