Fiber Content: 97% Cotton, 3% Spandex
Weave: Stretch Twill
How long it takes to biodegrade: 10-12 months
Its natural properties: Everyone knows how wonderful cotton feels and how easy it is to care for. It's a simple, durable fabric. It is highly absorbent, soft, and breathable. It feels good against the skin, is naturally hypo-allergenic, and is typically very colorfast. Cotton resists static cling and drapes well. Cotton fibers can be woven into any number of styles ranging from feather-light to heavy-duty. This fabric is blended with a small amount of spandex, giving it a sturdy stretch. It retains it's shape extremely well, and the spandex resists wrinkles.
Where it’s made: Japan
How it’s made: Cotton fabric is made from a short stable fiber that grows in pods on the cotton plant. Cotton is grown in warm climates, predominantly in the southern US, China and India. Seeds are planted, the plant matures and flowers, after the flowers fall away pods - called bolls - emerge. The green boll ripens and inside the cotton fibers are thickening and growing to their full length of approximately 2.5". After weeks of maturing, the fibers split the boll open and the cotton emerges. It dries in the sun. The leaves of the plants must be killed so as to not be harvested with the cotton - this is done with chemicals or by waiting for a frost. The cotton bolls are harvested by machine and stored in modules - large rectangular blocks of the raw material. The modules are transported to cotton gins, where it is cleaned, de-seeded and blended by machine. The cleaned cotton is baled and transported to be spun into yarn. Here the raw, cleaned cotton is combed into rows of fiber. The rows are coiled and formed into a thick, loose first-stage yarn called sliver. Multiple strands of sliver are drawn together and then stretched out into a second stage yarn called roving. This fabric is a cotton/spandex blend, meaning in the spinning process a small amount of spandex fiber is blended in with the cotton. The roving is now stretched repeatedly for strength until it has reached the desired diameter. Because cotton is a short staple fiber (each individual fiber is less then a few inches long), it relies on stretching and blending multiple strands together to achieve strength. The finished yarn is dyed and then woven by machine into fabric. This fabric has a subtle twill weave, which is different than a traditional flat or broadcloth weave. Rather than each warp and weft yarn overlapping 1-1, each strand of yarn overlaps two to three yarns at a time. This results in the classic diagonal twill pattern, and results in a stronger, heavier fabric. Growing cotton requires significant water and pesticide usage. While it is preferable to synthetics because it's a natural fiber with many useful qualities and biodegrades easily, it is not one of the most sustainable fibers. We are actively looking for responsibly grown cotton sources, and are exploring alternative fabrics such as hemp. We may also end up replacing all of our cottons with linen down the line.
What it is: This stretch cotton is sturdy, form-fitting, and comfortable - a fabric you can run, sit on the floor, live in. The added spandex gives it a resilient, durable finish. Pack it (it won't wrinkle!) for your weekend trips away - pairs well with all of our other fabrics. Cotton is one of the easiest, simplest fabrics to work with. It holds its color, washes and wears consistently, is adaptable to all sorts of applications, and always looks classic. There is something nostalgic and secure about the simplicity of cotton.
How to wear it: This is a medium-weight cotton with stretch that is excellent year-round. Pair with breathable silk or linen in the warmer months, layer up with sweaters and coats during the cold season. Will likely be on the thin side for very cold climates.
Care Instructions: Machine wash cold, tumble dry warm or air dry. All of our garments are pre-laundered here before we ship them out. We test and account for shrinkage in the pattern itself, so after washing the garment shrinks to it's correct size. Once you receive it, washing is totally safe! This is a natural fiber, so wash and wear will likely cause slight changes like subtle fading and softening over time, but this only makes the garments better in our eyes. Washing in cold water and washing only when necessary will minimize this. Cotton is a short staple fiber, meaning it is susceptible to pilling. We do our best to select weaves and products that resist pilling, but be aware of high-friction areas.